UN Agencies in Swaziland
Many of these agenices then establish offices at the national level in accordance with the country development situation and the comaprative advantage of the agency.
The mandates have specific focus on addressing economic, social, humanitarian or cultural problems.
Agencies located at the country level become resident agencies, and typically are headed by a Resident Representative establishes and maintains channels of communication with counterpart agences in Government and civil society in accordance with their development mandates.
Globally, the United Nations Development Programme is the first UN agency to establish in a country and is responsible for creating the enabling environment for UN operations.
The UNDP Resident Representative also becomes the UN Resident Coordinator and representative of the United Nations Secretary General.
UNDP is mandated with two broad areas of focus in poverty reduction and democratic governance.
Other UN agencies resident in Swaziland are:
UN Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) has the mandate for population services, maternal health and youth;
UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) who are mandated with promoting child welfare;
World Health Organization (WHO) mandated with coordinating health services;
World Food Programme (WFP) who have the mandate for responding to emergency food crises.
UN Joint Programme on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS) is the system secretariat for coordinating the UN response to HIV&AIDS.
Other UN agencies however implement development programmes in Swaziland without being fully established as UN resident agencies. Typically, these appoint a national to be assistant representative reporting to the agency office in another country.
Non-resident agencies in Swaziland are:
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is attached to the Ministry of Agriculture and has the mandate for advisory services in that area. The office reports to Maputo, Mozam,bique.
UN Education Science, Culture Organization (UNESCO) which is responsible for promoting development in education and research as well as maintaining cultural antiquities. UNESCO is represented in Swaziland by the Swaziland National Commission for UNESCO which is headed by a national Secretary General and attached to the Ministry of Education.
The International Labour Organization (ILO) which is responsible for promoting workers rights has a number of projects in Swaziland. It is attached to the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare and headed by a project officer who reports to the ILO Office in Pretoria, South Africa.
The UN Office for Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is responsible for coordinating eforts for combating organized crime and illicit trade in drugs and human trafficking.The office is attached to the UN Office in Mbabane and headed by a project officer reporting to a regional office in South Africa.
The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) is a specialized agency as an international financial institution for supporting agriculture. The fund maintains an office attached to the UN Office in Mbabane.
Heads of resident United Nations agencies meet regularly at least once a month as the United Nations Country Team (UNCT) to promote coordination of all development programmes undertaken by their respective agencies in terms of the UN Joint Annual Workplan in line with the UNDAF.
The UNCT is chaired by the UN Resident Coordinator.